Students will identify the causes and consequences of segregation. Students will gain a better understanding of how to be more inclusive and reach out to diverse groups of people.
1. To heighten awareness of the importance of the basic human need to belong.
Prior to Viewing: 20 min. Class Discussion to prepare the students for the video and the activity to follow.
Idea on how to start the discussion/engage the students:
Have students think about a time when they felt included. Ask them to answer the following questions:
*Describe your emotions when you knew you felt included and a part of a group. (examples may include: happy, excited, proud)
Have students think about a time when they felt excluded. Ask them to answer the same questions as above:
*Describe what you felt when you knew you felt excluded and not a part of a group. (examples may include: sad, unwelcome, uncool, angry, lonely)
The discussion should include:
Show Program: 22 min. Suggest to students to take notes during the video for the activity afterwards.
Activity: 20 min. 1. Place one self-adhesive colored star (or dot or other shape) on each student’s back, making sure it sticks. Instruct students not to look at the sticker on their back. Depending on the size of the group, at least two colors should be used. (The more participants, the more colors it is helpful to use.) The size of each color group can vary (i.e., 2 greens, 4 blues, etc.)
2. Select one to three participants who will get a sticker that is a different color or shape from anyone else’s in the room. (NOTE – Be aware of the students chosen to be excluded. Try not to select students who already may experience exclusion within society or the classroom).
3. Instruct participants to get into groups with people who have the same color sticker (or same shape) in any way they can, WITHOUT TALKING. (Note to facilitator: Students can gesture, put people with the same color or shape sticker together, etc. However, it’s best to let them figure this out on their own.)
4. After all the groups have formed (and the few individuals with the unique stickers have been left out, or been adopted by one of the other groups, or formed their own group or done something else), reconvene the entire group for discussion.
*How did you manage to find your group?
Learning Points: 1. Most people have a need to belong to a group with which they can identify and in which they feel welcomed and proud of their membership.
2. When people are excluded from a group, they may feel alienation and experience a lack of self-esteem and self-confidence.
3. Each one of us needs to be aware that we may sometimes unintentionally exclude others and we need to develop strategies to make others feel included.
Closure: Have students think about a person who they know is sometimes excluded from an activity or group. Have them develop two or three ways they could help that person feel more included.
Alternative Activity: Make signs for various times when people may be excluded (i.e. playing sports, lunch table, working in a group in class) and have students brainstorm strategies for how they can be more inclusive. Students place their strategy ideas under the appropriate sign. The class goes to the signs and marks (with stickers or using a marker) the strategy that they think would be best for each situation. Discuss with students why they felt the strategy selected would be the best way to handle the situation. Explain to students that there are many ways to be inclusive and it always involves being respectful and supportive of one another.
About National MultiCultural Institute: Founded in 1983, the National MultiCultural Institute (NMCI) is proud to be one of the first organizations to have recognized the nation's need for new services, knowledge, and skills in the growing field of multiculturalism and diversity.
The mission of the National MultiCultural Institute (NMCI) is to work with individuals, organizations, and communities to facilitate personal and systemic change in order to build an inclusive society that is strengthened and empowered by its diversity. Through the development of strategic initiatives, partnerships, and programs that promote an inclusive and just society, NMCI is at the forefront of global efforts to address critical and emerging issues in the diversity field. www.nmci.org
National MultiCultural Institute (NMCI)